COP 8 Convention to Combat Desertification
3-14 September 2007, Spain
conjunction with COP 8.
COP 8 discussed the draft ten-year strategic plan for the implementation of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), the outcome of the International Year of Deserts and Desertification in 2006, preparation of the next session of the Committeee on Sustainable Development (CSD), and interactive dialogue sessions on the theme of ‘Desertification
and adaptation to climate change.’ The 10 year strategic plan for the implementation of the
convention was adopted by the Parties as a whole and decisions were agreed on as an annex to the plan.
COP 13 Climate Change Conference
3-15 December 2007, Bali – Indonesia
The conference of the Parties (COP) on climate change meets every year to review implementation of Climate Change convention that came into being in 1994 and is ratified by 192 countries. The COP adopts COP decisions and resolutions, published in reports of COP. Successive decisions taken by the COP make up a detailed set of rules for practical and effective implementation of the Convention.
The 13th COP took place in Bali, and was hosted by the Government of Indonesia, between 3-15 December 2007. It brought together more than 10,000 participants, including representatives of
over 180 countries, with observers from intergovernmental and non governmental organizations and the media. The two week period included the sessions of the Conference of the Parties to
the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), its subsidiary bodies as well as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol.
The major outcome of the conference was the adoption of the Bali Road Map. The Bali Road Map includes the Bali Action Plan, which charts the course for a new negotiating process designed to
tackle climate change, with the aim of completing this by 2008. It also includes AWG-KP negotiations and their 2009 deadline, the launch of Adaptation Fund, the scope and content of Article 9, review of Kyoto Protocol, as well as decisions on technology transfer and on reducing emissions from deforestation.
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United Nations International Year for 2007
2007 Year of the Dolphin (extended to 2008)
The UN Convention on Migratory Species, together with its specialized agreements on dolphin conservation ACCOBAMS and ASCOBANS and the Whale and Dolphin Conservation Society,
declared 2007 the Year of the Dolphin. The Year of the Dolphin campaign focuses on raising awareness of dolphins in the wild, the threats they face to their survival and actions that could help with their conservation and the protection of their habitats and ecosystems. In 2008, the campaign will keep educating and raising awareness, while also focusing on the support of select conservation projects chosen by international experts on cetacean conservation.
2007-2008-(2009) - International Polar Year
The International Polar Year (IPY) is a large scientific programme focused on the Arctic and the Antarctic from March 2007 to March 2009.
of scientists from over 60 nations examining a wide range of physical, biological and social research topics.
International Heliophysical Year 2007
The objectives of IHY are to discover the physical mechanisms that drive the coupling of Earth’s atmosphere to solar and heliospheric phenomena. The systematic global study of this interaction is to be the central theme of IHY. In view of these aims, the objectives for IHY are: provide benchmark measurements of the response of the magnetosphere, the ionosphere, the lower atmosphere and Earth surface to identify global processes and drivers which
affect the terrestrial environment and climate;
- global study of the Sun-heliosphere system outward to the heliopause to understand the external, and historic drivers of geophysical change;
- foster international scientific cooperation in the study of heliophysical phenomena now and in the future
- communicate the unique scientific results of IHY to the interested scientific community and to the general public.